Cobalt Octoate







Cobalt octoate acts as an accelerator in the curing process of unsaturated polyester resins. It enhances the curing and cross-linking reactions, resulting in improved mechanical properties and faster drying. Isatis offers Cobalt octoate in 3 different grades to the composite market for different applications. To find your proper type, please find bellow information.

Cobalt CPA:

This type of cobalt, known as colorless cobalt in the market, is used as an accelerator in the curing of composite parts that need to be transparent or colorless after curing.

CPA: Colorless Polyester Accelerator

Cobalt UP:

This type of cobalt octoate is used as an accelerator for general purposes in the curing of unsaturated polyester resins.

UP: Unsaturated Polyester

Cobalt Eco:

This type of cobalt is recommended for cases where price is a significant factor for the consumer. This cobalt model has a slower performance compared to UP and CPA cobalt, which makes it suitable for some customers.

Eco: Economy

How does cobalt accelerate the polymerization of unsaturated polyester resin?

Cobalt is commonly used as a catalyst in the polymerization of unsaturated polyester resins. The cobalt compound typically employed is cobalt carboxylate, such as cobalt octoate or cobalt neodecanoate. These compounds dissociate in the presence of unsaturated polyester resin and help initiate and accelerate the polymerization reaction.

The exact mechanism by which cobalt accelerates polymerization is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a free radical mechanism. Here's a simplified explanation of the process:

  1. Initiation: Cobalt carboxylate dissociates in the resin, generating cobalt ions (Co²⁺ and Co3⁺) and carboxylate radicals. The cobalt ions then react with the resin's double bonds, forming carbon-centered radicals.
  1. Propagation: The carbon-centered radicals react with other unsaturated molecules in the resin, initiating chain growth. This process continues, leading to the formation of a polymer chain.
  1. Crosslinking: As the polymer chain grows, the unsaturated polyester resin undergoes crosslinking due to the presence of multiple double bonds. The cobalt ions help facilitate the crosslinking process by promoting the reaction between adjacent polymer chains.
  1. Termination: The polymerization reaction continues until most of the double bonds in the resin have been consumed. At this point, the reaction slows down and eventually stops.

Cobalt acts as a catalyst in this process by providing an alternative reaction pathway with lower activation energy, enabling the polymerization reaction to occur more readily. It helps promote the formation of carbon-centered radicals, which are crucial intermediates in the polymerization process.

It's worth noting that the concentration of cobalt, temperature, and other factors can influence the rate and outcome of the polymerization reaction. Therefore, it is essential to carefully control these parameters to achieve desired results in the production of unsaturated polyester resins.

Safety Note: Despite cobalt and peroxide participating together in the process of curing unsaturated polyester resin, they should never be stored in close proximity to each other, as this could potentially lead to explosions and fires.

Technical Specifications

Not sure which cobalt is right for you? Compare the specifications.

Cobalt Grade CPA UP Eco
Shelf Life 1 Year 1 Year 1 Year
Viscosity 120-160 Seconds (Ford cup4) 420-460 Seconds (Ford cup4) 60-90 Seconds (Ford cup4)
Density 0.98 ± 0.01 gr/ml 0.96 ± 0.01 gr/ml 0.96 ± 0.01 gr/ml
Appearance Clear Liquid Clear Liquid Clear Liquid
Color Dark Violet Violet Violet
Non-Volatile Matter 75 ± 2 % 65 ± 5 % 65 ± 2 %
Storage Temp (°C) 30 ± 5 30 ± 5 30 ± 5
Metal Content 10 ± 0.1 % 10 ± 0.1 % 10 ± 0.1 %
Packaging 200 Kg barrel or 20 Kg pail 200 Kg barrel or 20 Kg pail 200 Kg barrel or 20 Kg pail

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